Pembelajaran dari Pelayanan Bandar Udara Terhadap Aktivitas General Aviation di
Amerika Serikat

Dedes Kusumawati

Abstract


Saat ini, kegiatan general aviation memiliki pertumbuhan yang signifikan di dunia penerbangan. Bahkan, kategori bandar udara terbanyak di Amerika Serikat adalah bandar udara general aviation. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan pemahaman pelayanan bandar udara untuk mendukung aktivitas general aviation berdasarkan pengalaman Amerika Serikat dalam merencanakan skebandarudaraan nasional sehingga dapat memberikan rekomendasi kepada Indonesia dalam mengembangkan bandar udara yang sesuai untuk kegiatan general aviation. Penelitian ini menggunakan strategi kualitatif melalui studi kasus dan metode perbandingan untuk 2 kasus Amerika Serikat dan Indonesia. Data primer dikumpulkan melalui observasi dan wawancara kepada pengelola General Aviation Terminal (GAT) di Bandar Udara Internasional Ngurah Rai dan pengelola Bandar Udara Internasional Halim Perdanakusuma. Data sekunder berasal dari studi dokumentasi. Berdasarkan pengalaman di Amerika Serikat, beberapa rekomendasi antara lain pertimbangan untuk bandar udara general aviation dalam perencanaan kebandarudaraan nasional, pengembangan kriteria bandar udara general aviation, perencanaan fungsi dan aktivitas untuk bandar udara general aviation, dan penyediaan fasilitas di bandar udara general aviation.


[Lesson Learned from Airport Services for General Aviation Activities in United States] Nowadays, general aviation activities have significant growth in aviation world. Addition, the highest airport category in United States is general aviation airport. The purpose of this research is to get understanding about airport services to support general aviation activities based on United States; experience in national airport planning to give recommendations for Indonesia in developing airports that compatible with general aviation activities. This research uses qualitative strategy through case study and comparative analysis for two cases the United States and Indonesia. Primary data from was collected through observation and interview with official representative of General Aviation Terminal (GAT) in Ngurah Rai Internasional Airport and manager of Halim Perdanakusuma International Airport. Secondary data came from documentation study. Based on the United States, experience, the recommendations are consideration for general aviation airport on national airport planning, development of basic criteria for general aviation airport, planning of function and activities for general aviation airport, and provision for general aviation airport facilities.


Keywords


bandar udara; general aviation; pembelajaran; analisis perbandingan

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25104/wa.v43i1.278.51-62

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