Jam Terbang Dalam Tujuh Hari, Jenis Penerbangan dan Risiko Acute Fatigue Syndrome

Nida Fakhriyyah Rahmah, Pritha Maya Savitri, Agneta Irmarahayu, Suzy Yusna Dewi


Flight Hours Within Seven Days, Flight Type and Risk of Acute Fatigue Syndrome: Fatigue on pilots is a serious problem in aviation safety. Flight hours and flight types may affect the occurrence of acute fatigue complaints on pilots. This study aims to determine the correlation of total flight hours within 7 days and the type of flight with the Acute Fatigue Syndrome risk on civil pilots in Indonesia. The design of this study used cross sectional method on civil pilots at Civil Aviation Medical Center in December 2017 with consecutive sampling as the sample determination technique. Data were collected by interview and questionnaire methods. Respondents were 112 civil pilots of fixed wing aircraft. The study population was all the pilots who conducted medical examination at Civil Aviation Medical Center in December 2017. The results showed that as many as 65 (58%) respondents experienced Acute Fatigue Syndrome, 110 (98.2%) respondents had flight hours ≤ 30 hours within 7 days, 76 (67.9%) respondents have short haul flight type. The result of bivariate analysis with Chi-Square test showed that there was no significant relationship between flying hours within 7 days (p = 0,509) and acute fatigue syndrome and there was significant relationship between flight type (p = 0,018) and acute fatigue syndrome.

Fatigue pada penerbang merupakan masalah serius dalam keselamatan penerbangan. Jam terbang dan jenis penerbangan dapat mempengaruhi timbulnya keluhan kelelahan akut pada penerbang. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui hubungan jumlah jam terbang dalam 7 hari dan jenis penerbangan dengan risiko Acute Fatigue Syndrome pada penerbang sipil di Indonesia. Desain penelitian ini menggunakan metode cross sectional pada penerbang sipil di Balai Kesehatan Penerbangan bulan Desember 2017 dengan teknik penentuan sample yang digunakan adalah consecutive sampling. Data dikumpulkan dengan metode wawancara dan pengisian kuesioner. Responden sejumlah 112 penerbang pesawat sayap tetap. Populasi penelitian adalah semua penerbang yang melakukan medical examination di Balai Kesehatan Penerbangan pada bulan Desember 2017. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sebanyak 65 responden atau 58% mengalami Acute Fatigue Syndrome, 110 responden atau 98,2% memiliki jam terbang ≤ 30 jam dalam 7 hari, 76 responden atau 67,9% melakukan penerbangan jenis Short Haul. Hasil analisis bivariat dengan uji Chi-Square didapatkan bahwa tidak terdapat hubungan yang bermakan / signifikan antara jam terbang dalam 7 hari (p = 0,509) dengan acute fatigue syndrome serta terdapat hubungan yang bermakna / signifikan antara jenis penerbangan (p = 0,018) dengan acute fatigue syndrome.


Acute Fatigue Syndrome; Jam terbang dalam 7 hari; Short Haul; Penerbang sipil

Full Text:



Arya, Febi, dkk. (2017). "Flight hours within 7 days and risk of fatigue on the civilian pilots in Indonesia." Health Science Journal of Indonesia 8(1): 53-58.

Bennett, Simon Ashley (2016), “Pilot workload and fatigue on short-haul routes: an evaluation supported by instantaneous self-assessment and ethnography”, Journal of Risk Research, DOI: 10.1080/13669877.2016.1235603

Bourgeois-Bougrine, S., et.al, (2003). Perceived fatigue for short-and long-haul flights: a survey of 739 airline pilots. “Aviation, space, and environmental medicine”, 74(10), pp.1072-1077.

Civil Aviation Safety Authority, CASA (2013). “Fatigue‑The Rules Are Changing”. Canberra, Australia. Tersedia dari : Publikasi Australian Government

Civil Aviation Safety Regulations, CASR (2015). "Part 121 : Certification And Operating Requirements: Domestic, Flag, And Supplemental Air Carriers." Tersedia dari : Publikasi Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia.

Direktorat Jenderal Perhubungan Udara, Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia 2018, Statistik Lalu Lintas Angkutan Udara Domestik, Republik Indonesia, Diakses pada 3 Januari 2018


Direktorat Jenderal Perhubungan Udara, Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia 2018, Statistik Lalu Lintas Angkutan Udara internasional, Republik Indonesia, Diakses pada 3 Januari 2018


European Cockpit Association, ECA (2012). “Pilot fatigue Barometer”. Tersedia dari : Publikasi The European Cockpit Association.

Federal Aviation Administration (2009). “Fatigue and Performance in Aviation”. Aerospace Medicine Grand Rounds. Tersedia dari : Publikasi Federal Aviation Administration

Gander, P.H, et.al (2014). “Pilot fatigue: relationships with departure and arrival times, flight duration, and direction”. Aviation, space, and environmental medicine, 85(8), pp.833-840.

Guyton, A.C. and Hall, J.E., 2006. Textbook of Medical Physiology. 13th ed. Philadelphia, PA, USA: Elsevier Saunders.

Heppenheimer, T. A. (2009). "Turbulent Skies: The History of Commercial Aviation." George Mason University: 261 – 291.


IATA, ICAO, IFALPA: Fatigue Management Guide for Airline Operators, 2015. Tersedia dari: https://www.icao.int/safety/fatiguemanagement/FRMS%20Tools/FMG%20for%20Airline%20Operators%202nd%20Ed%20%28Final%29%20EN.pdf

IATA: FRMS white paper. 2013. Online. [cit. 2018- 02-18]. Tersedia dari: https://www.iata.org/whatwedo/opsinfra/Documents/frms-white-paper.pdf

International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO (2015). “The Civil Aviation Regulations : Investigation of Air Accidents and Incidents”. University Street, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. Tersedia dari : Publikasi International Civil Aviation Organization.

International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO Doc. 9966 FRMS Fatigue Risk Management Systems Manual for Regulators. First Edition. 2012. Online. [cit. 2018- 02-18].

International Civil Aviation Organization, ICAO (2012). “Manual of Civil Aviation Medicine”. University Street, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. Tersedia dari : Publikasi International Civil Aviation Organization.

Jackson, Craig A dan Laurie Earl (2006). "Prevalence of fatigue among commercial pilots." Occupational Medicine 56: 263–268.

Komite Nasional Keselamatan Transportasi, KNKT (2016). “Data Investigasi Kecelakaan Penerbangan Tahun 2010 – 2016”. Tersedia dari : Publikasi Kementerian Perhubungan Republik Indonesia.

Ma, Jin, et. al. (2014). "Workload Influence on Fatigue Related Psychological and Physiological Performance Changes of Aviators." PLOS ONE 9(2): 1-7.

Novacek, Paul. (2003). "How Can Avionics Help Reduce Pilot Fatigue?". Aircraft Electronics Association (April 2003)

Powell, D., Spencer, M.B., Holland, D., Broadbent, E. and Petrie, K.J., 2007. Pilot fatigue in short-haul operations: Effects of number of sectors, duty length, and time of day. Aviation, Space, and Environmental

Medicine, 78(7), pp.698-701.

Reis, Cátia, Catarina Mestre , dan Helena Canhão. (2013). "Prevalence of Fatigue in a Group of Airline Pilots." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 84: 828-833.

Reis, Cátia, et. al. (2016). "Sleep complaints and fatigue of airline pilots." sleep science 9: 73–77.

Sallinen, Mikael, et. al. (2017). "Sleep, alertness and alertness management among commercial airline pilots on short-haul and long-haul flights." Accident Analysis and Prevention 98: 320–329.

Strauss, Samuel. (2013). "Pilot Fatigue". Tersedia dari : Publikasi Aerospace Medical Association Vol 11.

Sungkawaningtyas, M. (2007). Kelelahan pilot dan strategi mengatasinya. Tesis Program Magister Sistem dan Teknik Transportasi, Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Susanti dan Yati Nurhayati (2014). "Tingkat Kelelahan Pilot Indonesia dalam Menerbangkan Pesawat Komersial Rute Pendek." Jurnal Perhubungan Udara 40(4): 251-266.

Tartagliaa, M. C, S. Narayanana dan D. L. Arnolda. (2008). "Mental fatigue alters the pattern and increases the volume of cerebral activation required for a motor task in multiple sclerosis patients with fatigue." European Journal of Neurology 15: 413–419.

Tortora, GJ, Derrickson, B. 2012. Principles of Anatomy & Physiology 13th Edition. United States of America: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Tvaryanas, Anthony P and Glen D. MacPherson (2009). "Fatigue in Pilots of Remotely Piloted Aircraft Before and After Shift Work Adjustment." Aviation, Space, and Environmental Medicine 80(5): 454 – 461.

Van Drongelen, Alwin, et. al. (2013). "Development and evaluation of an intervention aiming to reduce fatigue in airline pilots: design of a randomised controlled trial." bio medical central 13(776): 1471-2458.

Vejvoda, M, et.al (2014). “Significance of time awake for predicting pilots' fatigue on short‐haul flights: implications for flight duty time regulations”. Journal of sleep research, 23(5), pp.564-567.

Vucic, Steve, David Burke dan Matthew C. Kiernan (2010). "Fatigue in multiple sclerosis: Mechanisms and management." Clinical Neurophysiology 121: 809–817.

Zwarts, M.J, G. Bleijenberg dan B.G.M. van Engelen (2008). "Clinical neurophysiology of fatigue." Clinical Neurophysiology 119: 2-10.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25104/wa.v44i1.327.17-30


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


      Infobase Index  Logo IPI  Home  

Copyright of Warta Ardhia (e-ISSN:2528-4045, p-ISSN:0215-9066) Sekretariat Jurnal Transportasi Udara, Jl. Medan Merdeka Timur No. 5 A Jakarta Pusat 10110. Tlp. (021) 34832944, Fax. (021) 34832968. Email:litbang_udara@yahoo.co.id; warta.ardhia@gmail.com.

    Creative Commons License 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

  Analytics View My Stats